The origins of physiotherapy (physical therapy) as a profession date back to the 19th century when Per Henrik Ling, “Father of Swedish Gymnastics” founded the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics (RCIG) in 1813 for massage, manipulation, and exercise.
Modern physiotherapy (physical therapy) was established in Britain towards the end of the 19th century. In Canada, the Canadian Association of Massage and Remedial Gymnastics (CAMRG) was incorporated in 1935 by the Dominion Charter and renamed the Canadian Physiotherapy Association (CPA), which works to advance the profession of physiotherapy in order to improve the health of Canadians.
Treatment through the 1940s primarily consisted of exercise, massage and traction. Manipulative procedures to the spine and extremity joints were also practiced in the British Commonwealth countries during the early 1950s. Later that decade, physiotherapists started to move beyond hospital-based practice to outpatient orthopedic clinics, public schools, colleges/universities, geriatric settings, rehabilitation and medical centres.
Today, physiotherapy (physical therapy) consists of Manual Therapy, Modern Electrotherapy and Modalities. Activa Physiotherapy Ottawa’s approach to physical therapy combines healing and long-term injury prevention.